Shalom שָׁלֹום֙

“or Shaloam (Shal-lom) or Shalowm ~ (Strong’s # H3068 ~ H7965 / H3073). 

Yahweh is Our Peace.  This Aspect of Yahweh’s Character Was Revealed to Gideon, in Judges 6:23-24, (H3073), When Yahweh Told Gideon that He Would Not Die When there Were People at War with His Country, and He Would Have Peace, Even Though Gideon Had to Go to War to Obtain it, (with a Minimum Amount of Men and No Physical Contact Showing that Yahweh Shared the Victory with Gideon, But the Battle Was Yahweh’s).

Only Upon Reliance Upon Yahweh Can We Know His Peace Which Will Bring About Triumph Over ALL Our Enemies.

Proverbs 16:9; Psalms 23:4; Psalms 31:3; Psalms 32:8; Psalms 48:14; Psalms 73:24; Psalms 107:30;
Psalms 139:7-10; Isaiah 28:26; Isaiah 28:29; Isaiah 45:13; Isaiah 49:10; Isaiah 42:16; Isaiah 57:18;
Isaiah 58:11; Isaiah 58:14; Isaiah 63:14; Jeremiah 31:9; Revelation 7:17

Peace is a Covenant Word, that at it’s Hebrew Core Means ‘Nothing Broken, Nothing Missing’.

 
 
 
 
 
  • Shalom Typically is Used to Describe an Absence of Hostility or Strife.  Peace is the Opposite of the Rivalry, Instability, and Division Brought by Envy and Ambition.

  • Shalom Indicates a Total Fulfillment that Comes When Individuals Experience Yahweh’s Presence.

  • Restoration

  • Shalom is the Final Sacrifice, (of Completion, Yahoshua Has Become Our Peace, Ephesians 2:14)

  • Shalom is a Greeting.  Used as a Greeting and Also as a Way of Inquiring After Someone’s State of Being & to Want the Very Best For Him in Life.

  • Entering into a State of Wholeness & Unity (oneness) Signified by a Restored Relationship, Especially Wholeness of the Relationship Between a Person and Yahweh.  Shalom Signifies a Sense of Well-Being & Harmony Both Within and Without, Health, Happiness, Quietness of Soul, Preservation, Prosperity, Tranquility, Security, Safety and Includes ALL that Makes Life Worthwhile.  Shalom Also Conveys the Sense of Being at Peace with Yahweh and Involves More than Forgiveness of Sin, in that Fullness of Life, Prosperity, and Peace with Men is the Expected Result of Shalom.

 
 
 
 
 
  • Shalom Typically is Used to Describe an Absence of Hostility or Strife.  Peace is the Opposite of the Rivalry, Instability, and Division Brought by Envy and Ambition.

  • Shalom Indicates a Total Fulfillment that Comes When Individuals Experience Yahweh’s Presence.

  • Restoration

  • Shalom is the Final Sacrifice, (of Completion, Yahoshua Has Become Our Peace, Ephesians 2:14)

  • Shalom is a Greeting.  Used as a Greeting and Also as a Way of Inquiring After Someone’s State of Being & to Want the Very Best For Him in Life.

  • Entering into a State of Wholeness & Unity (oneness) Signified by a Restored Relationship, Especially Wholeness of the Relationship Between a Person and Yahweh.  Shalom Signifies a Sense of Well-Being & Harmony Both Within and Without, Health, Happiness, Quietness of Soul, Preservation, Prosperity, Tranquility, Security, Safety and Includes ALL that Makes Life Worthwhile.  Shalom Also Conveys the Sense of Being at Peace with Yahweh and Involves More than Forgiveness of Sin, in that Fullness of Life, Prosperity, and Peace with Men is the Expected Result of Shalom.

 
 
 
 
 

Jeremiah 29:11

Shalom Can Be nicely Summed Up, in a Phrase, “Nothing Missing, Nothing Broken.”  Jeremiah 29:11 Has this Worded as, “Peace,” and We’ve Come to Know Shalom as Meaning Only, “Peace,” Much Like When We Think Aloha Means Only, “Hello,” “Good-bye” or, “I Love You,” a Salutation Like, ‘Hola’ {Spanish Es Spaniol}, ‘Bonjour’, {French}, ‘Ciao’, {Italian}, ‘Hello’, {English}, ‘Howdy’, {USA ~ South}, or “Hey Now”, {Mississippi}, or ‘Nǐ hǎo Ma, {Chinese ~ Pronounced ‘Ne-hi-Maw’,}, or ‘Namaste’m, (Pronounced ’No Mistay’ ~ {Hindi}),  Konnichiwam (Pronounced ‘Con-Ee-Chee-Wa’); or as the Instant Message Folks Usually Start Out their Conversations with ’Sup’, {An Abbreviation for “What’s Up”}.

 
 
 
 
 

But the Word Shalom is So Rich in Meaning.  A Good Way to See What the Hebrew Writers Meant When they Said Shalom is to See a Corresponding Word Used in Our Culture.  That Word Would Be, “Aloha,” and it is Really Asking the Question, “Is there Anything Broken or Missing in Your Life?”  Such as, Have Your Parents Gone to Be with Yahweh, or Your Brothers or Sisters?  Is Your Father in Jail?.  Are You Broken-Hearted?  Is Someone Missing? 

And the Word, “Aloha”, is Asking these Questions So that they Can Be Repaired and Restored.  If You Are Broken or Missing Someone in Your Family, I Will Be Your Family So that You May Be Restored and Have Peace.  And, “Aloha” Has this Neat Meaning of, “The Breath of Yahweh.”  “The Breath of Yahweh” Be Upon Your Life and Restore to You What is Missing or Broken.  If You’ve Been to Hawaii as a Tourist, You’ll Think that Aloha is Said Loud and Long.  But, to the native Hawaiians, it is Said Sincerely and Softly to the Point of Being Breathy, Emphasis On the ‘Ha’ Sound.

 
 
   
 

There Are a Lot of In–depth Definitions that Are Included Below For Your Reference, But When I Prayed About How that I Could Put their Original Intended Meanings into Our Known Language, this is What Cropped Up Inside My Spirit, the Honest Definition of Aloha, Which is ~ “How Are You?.”

We Usually Say, “Hi, How Are You?” Without Really Wanting to Get an Answer Back Other than, ‘Fine’.  If We Were Sincerely Asking, “How Are You, is there Anything Missing in Your Life?”  Then We Would Get the Total Meaning that Yahweh Has Completed the Missing or Broken Parts in Your Life and Has Become the Final Sacrifice For You and I.  Heaven On Earth is Being Offered, and Absence From Strife.  The Blessing of Yahweh Makes One Rich, and He Adds No Sorrow with it~!  (Proverbs 10:22).

 
 
   
 
 

It is So Common that it Over Looked.  If I Were Go to a Spanish Speaking Country, the First Words that I Would Hear Are, “Hola, cómo Es usted?,” (which Means, “Hello, How Are You?”).  In France, it’s, “Bonjour, Comment Allez-vous?..  In Italy, it’s, “Ciao, Come Siete?.”  Or Any Other Foreign Country, (in China, it’s ‘Nǐ hǎo Ma’, {Pronounced ‘Ne-hi-Maw’}, in India, it’s Namaste’m, {Hindi}; Meaning in it’s Truest Sense, “I Bow to the Divine in You,” But in America it Has Come to Be a Greeting Meaning, “Hi, How Are You?”).  In Iran, Turkey, Istanbul and Pakistan, it’s, “Salaam” or the Full Greeting of, “Salaam and Greetings of Peace..  In Israel, it’s, “Shalom..  In Hawaii, it’s, “Aloha..  In the Afro-American Culture in the USA, it’s, “How You Been?” ~ (Implied Meaning, “How Are You Doing?”).  In Japan ~ Konnichiwa, (Pronounced Kon-ee-chee-wa) ~ “Good Afternoon” or, “Good Day,”.  In Alabama, it’s, “Howdy”, and In Mississippi, it’s “Hey Now; {Technically All Are Saying, “How Are You Today?”}

But, the Meaning is Always True to What Yahweh Meant For it to Be, “Hello, How Are You Really Doing?”  Shalowm or Spelled Shalom.

 
 
   
 
 

Jeremiah 29:11 is a Very Good Explanation of What Shalowm Means and Yahweh’s View Toward You.

  11For I Know the Thoughts and Plans that I Have For You, Says Yahweh, Thoughts and Plans For Welfare and Peace {Shalom ~ 07965} and Not For Evil, to Give You Hope in Your Final Outcome.
  12Then You Will Call Upon Me, and You Will Come and Pray to Me, and I Will Hear and Heed You.
  13Then You Will Seek Me, Inquire For, and Require Me [as a Vital Necessity] and Find Me When You Search For Me with ALL Your Heart.
 

 
 
 
 
 
Strong’s Number:   07965  Browse Lexicon 
Original Word Word Origin
~wlX From (07999)
Transliterated Word TDNT Entry
Shalom TWOT - 2401a
Phonetic Spelling Parts of Speech
shaw-lome’     Noun Masculine
 Definition
  1. Completeness, Soundness, Welfare, Peace
    1. Completeness (in Number)
    2. Safety, Soundness (in Body)
    3. Welfare, Health, Prosperity
    4. Peace, Quiet, Tranquility, Contentment
    5. Peace, Friendship
      1. of Human Relationships
      2. with Yahweh Especially in Covenant Relationship
    6. Peace (from War)
    7. Peace (as Adjective)
 King James Word Usage - Total: 236
Peace 175, Well 14, Peaceably 9, Welfare 5, Salute + (07592) 4, Prosperity 4, Did 3, Safe 3, Health 2, Peaceable 2, Miscellaneous 15
 
 
 
 
 

 

Definition of Shalom; From the Theological Wordbook of the Old Testament
(Pages 930-931, in Volume II)

2401 (Shalem) Be Complete, Sound.  Shalem is a Cognate of Shalom/Peace.
   

Derivatives:

2401a (Shalom) Peace.  {Strong’s Concordance # 07965}.
2401b (shelem) Peace Offering.
2401c (shalam) Be in a Covenant of Peace.  (Denominative Verb).
2401d (Shalem) Perfect, Whole, Full.
2401e (shillem) Recompense ~ {Deuteronomy 32:35 Only}.
2401f (shalmon) Reward, (bribe) ~ {Isaiah 1:23 Only}.
2401g (shillum) Recompense, Reward.
2401h (shilluma) Reward ~ {Psalm 91:8 Only}.
2401i (shelomoh) Solomon.
 
 
 
 

 

The General Meaning Behind the Root Sh-l-m is of Completion and Fulfillment—of Entering into a State of Wholeness and Unity, a Restored Relationship

Of This Group, Some Take their Meanings From the Comparatively Infrequent Simple Stems While the Others Shillem, Shillum, and Possibly Shalmon Reflect the Intensive Piel Sense.  The Apparent Diversity of Meanings Between the Two Stems Can Be Accounted For in Terms of the Concept of a Peace Being Restored Through Payment (of Tribute to a Conqueror, Joshua 10:1), Restitution (to One Wronged, Exodus 21:36), or Simple Payment and Completion (of a Business Transaction, 2 Kings 4:7).

 

 
 
 
 

 

The Payment of a Vow (Psalm 50:14), Completes an Agreement So that Both Parties Are in a State of Shalom.  Closely Linked with this Concept is the Eschatological, (as Relating to the End Times), Motif in Some Uses of the Term.  Recompense For Sin, Either National or Personal, Must Be Given.  Once that Obligation Has Been Met, Wholeness is Restored (Isaiah 60:20; Joel 2:25).

Adjectivally, Shalem is Used of an Attitude (A, “Perfect” Heart; e.g. 1 Kings 8:61; 1 Chronicles 28:9), and of a Complete Amount (of Money, Ruth 2:12; of Sin, Genesis 15:16; of a Whole Nation, Amos 1:6, 9).   An Accurate Weight is Called, “Perfect,” (Deuteronomy 25:15), or, “Just” (Proverbs 11:1).

Interesting is that Shalem is Used of the Whole (i.e. Uncut) Stones For the Altar (Deuteronomy 27:6; Joshua 8:31), and Also of the dressed Stones Used For the Temple, (1 Kings 6:7).

 

 
 
 
 

 

Shalom.  Peace, Prosperity, Well, Health, Completeness, Safety, {ASV and RSV Similar}

Shalom and its Related Words, Shalem, Shelem and their Derivatives, Are Among the Most Important Theological Words in the OT.  Shalom Occurs Over 250 Times in 213 Separate Verses (Durham, p. 275, BDB Lists 237 Uses).  The KJV Translates 172 of these as, “Peace.”  The Remainder Are Translated About 30 Different Ways, Many Only a Single Time Each.

The LXX, {the Septuagint Version of the Old Testament in Greek} Uses Various Members of the Sozo, Eirene, and Teleios Word Groups to Translate Shalom {these Are ALL Greek Words; However Eirene is the Greek Word For Peace, Strong’s Concordance # 1515; Page 207 of the Theological Dictionary of the New Testament, Abbreviated as TDNT}.  Shalom Which Occurs in Other Members of the Semitic Language Family, Was Influential in Broadening the Greek Idea of Eirene To Include the Semitic Ideas of Growth and Prosperity.

 
 
 
 

 

Shalom Means, “Absence of Strife” in Approximately Fifty to Sixty usages; e.g. 1 Kings 4:25 Reflects the Safety of the Nation in the Peaceful Days of Solomon When the Land and its Neighbors Had Been Subdued.

‘Peace,’ in this Case, Means Much More than Mere Absence of War.  Rather, the Root Meaning of the Verb Shalem Better Expresses the True Concept of Shalom.  Completeness, Wholeness, Harmony, Fulfillment, Are Closer to the Meaning.  Implicit in Shalom is the Idea of Unimpaired Relationships with Others and Fulfillment in One’s undertakings.

About Twenty-Five Times in the OT, Shalom is Used as a Greeting or Farewell, (Judges 19:20; 1 Samuel 25:6, 35).  To Wish One Shalom Implies a Blessing (2 Samuel 15:27); to Withhold Shalom Implies a Curse, (1 Kings 2:6).  in Modern Hebrew Shalom is Used For, “hello” And, “Good-bye.”  Note the Cognate Arabic Salaam.

 

 
 
 
 

 

Shalom is the Result of Yahweh’s Activity in Covenant, (berit), and is the Result of Righteousness, (Isaiah 32:17).  in Nearly Two-thirds of its Occurrences, Shalom Describes the State of Fulfillment Which is the Result of Yahweh’s Presence.  This is Specifically Indicated in Those References to The, “Covenant of Peace,” (Numbers 25:12; Isaiah 54:10; Ezekiel 34:25; Malachi 2:5), with His Chosen Representatives, the Aaronic Priest and the Davidic Monarchs.  The Peace that Marks the Conclusion of an Agreement Between Adversaries (Isaac and Abimelech, Genesis 26:29), Business Partners, (Solomon and Hiram, 1 Kings 5:12 [H 26]), and Man and Yahweh (Abraham, Genesis 15:15), is Couched in Terms of Covenant Agreement.

 
 
 
 

 

This Sort of Peace Has its Source in Yahweh.  He is the One Who Will Speak Shalom To His People (Psalm 85:8 [H 9].  His Promise to David in 1 Chronicles 22:9-10 Puts Shalom in Context with Menuha, “calmness,” nuah, “rest,” and Sheqet, “To Be Quiet,” as these Are Gifts From Yahweh.  This is Fulfillment Through the Divine Gift.  Solomon Means Peace.

There is Strong Eschatological Element Present in the Meaning of Shalom.  Messiah, “David’s Greater Son,” is Specifically Identified as the Price of Peace (sar Shalom—the, “concluding Sacrifice” that Brings Redemption to Mankind).

Paul Links these Themes in His Identification of Christ as Our Peace, (Ephesians 2:14).  He is the Messianic Prince Who Brings Wholeness, But He is Also Yahweh’s Last Word—the, “concluding Sacrifice” that Brings Redemption to Mankind.

 
 
 
 

 

Shelem.  Peace Offering, Thank Offering.  ASV and RSV Similar, with RSV Using, “Sacrifice” in Proverbs 7:14.

Shelem Occurs Nearly Ninety Times in the OT, ALL But One (Amos 5:22), in the Plural Form shelamin.  Along with Many Other Words in the cultic Vocabulary, Shelem Has its Roots in the Common Ancient Northwest Semitic Language Group.

Thirdly, the Fact that the Shelem Usually Comes Last in the Lists of the Offerings (Though Not in the Description of Leviticus 1-5), Has Prompted Some Scholars to Argue that this Si a, “concluding Sacrifice.”  This Derives Shelem From the Rare Piel Meaning, “To Complete.”  If this Sense is Correct, the NT References to, “Christ Our Peace” (e.g. Ephesians 2:14), Become More Meaningful, as He is the Final Sacrifice For Us, (cf. Hebrews 9:27; 10:27).

 
 
 
 

 

Quotes From David Bosch:

The Mission of the Church, then, Has ALL the Dimensions and Scope of Yahoshua’s Own Ministry and May Never Be Reduced to Church Planting and the Saving of Souls.  It Consists in Proclaiming and Teaching, But Also in Healing and Liberating, in Compassion For the Poor and the Downtrodden.  The Mission of the Church, as the Mission of Yahoshua, Involves Being Sent into the World—to Love, to Serve, to Preach, to Teach, to Heal, to Save, to Free.

For Me, (Bosch) the Ideas of ‘Shalom’ and ‘The Kingdom of Heaven’ Go Hand in Hand in that they Both Hold Something Which is More than Individual Salvation and More than Simple Social ‘Peace’, they Both Have a Sense of Wholeness and Harmony, Restoration of the Created Order, “Life as it Was Always Meant to Be~!  Perhaps the Contemporary Spiritual Search For Holistic Spirituality, Well Being etc. is Indicative of the western Churches abandonment of the Theology of Shalom!?

 
 
 
 
 

 

There is No Single English Word that Can Truly Convey the Richness of the Meaning of Shalom.  The General Meaning Behind the Root sh-l-m is of Completion & Fulfillment & Thus of Entering into a State of Wholeness & Unity (oneness) Signified by a Restored Relationship, Especially Wholeness of the Relationship Between a Person and Yahweh.  Shalom Signifies a Sense of Well-Being & Harmony Both Within and Without, Health, Happiness, Quietness of Soul, Preservation, Prosperity, Tranquility, Security, Safety and Includes ALL that Makes Life Worthwhile.

Shalom Also Conveys the Sense of Being at Peace with Yahweh and Involves More than Forgiveness of Sin, in that Fullness of Life, Prosperity, and Peace with Men is the Expected Result of Shalom.  In narrative Books Shalom Typically is Used to Describe an Absence of Hostility or Strife.  In the psalms and the Prophets it Goes Beyond This, So that in at Least 2/3 of the Biblical References Shalom Indicates a Total Fulfillment that Comes When Individuals Experience Yahweh’s Presence.

 
 
 
 
 

 

Shalom is Used as a Greeting and Also as a Way of Inquiring After Someone’s State of Being & to Want the Very Best For Him in Life.  To Be at Peace is to Be Happy, to Be Whole, to Be Right with Yahweh, Fellow Humans, and Creation.  Peace is the Opposite of the Rivalry, Instability, and Division Brought by Envy and Ambition.  Shalom is Still Used Today in Israel in Greeting & Thus Wishing One Another Well, Saying in Essence, “may ALL Things Be Prosperous with You.”

Someone Has Well Said that, “Peace in the Jewish Sense is the symphony of Life Made Meaningful Through a Right Relationship with Yahweh.”  (New Geneva Study Bible ~ Thomas Nelson ~ Nashville) Shalom Always Means Everything Which Makes For a Man’s Highest Good.  In the East When One Man Says Shalom To Another, He Does Not Mean that He Wishes For the Other Man Only the Absence of Evil Things; He Wishes For Him the Presence of ALL Good Things.  In the Scriptures Peace Means Not Only Freedom From ALL Trouble; it Means Enjoyment of ALL Good.

 
 
 
 
 

 

The Greeks Greeted One Another with, “Grace~!” But the Jewish NT Writers Went One Step Further in Addressing One of the Deepest Needs of Every Man by Adding, “Peace” in Many of their Introductions, Substituting, “Eirene”, (G1515), for, “Shalom,” (Grace to You and Peace).  One Commentator Has Said that The Combination of “Grace & Peace” is In One Sense, “In Miniature, The Gospel for (MacDonald, W. Believers’ Bible Commentary).  The Essence of The Gospel is “Grace, Therefore Peace.”  Through The Gospel We are All Brought Under His Grace and Therefore Have Peace with Him & Peace Within.  The Gospel is Not so Much About “Not Fighting”, But About Wholeness of Life, (Shalom), as Yahweh Intended it.

 
 
 
 
 

 

R. C. Sproul Comments, “

Shalom”, First of ALL Means an Interlude of Safety From the Ravages of Warfare.  The Insecurity that Comes From War Made its Mark On these (Hebrew) People.  They Looked For the Day When the Swords Would Be Beaten into Plowshares (Micah 4:3).  The Old Testament Concept of Peace Ascends into a Theological Vision.  It is a Vision of a New Relationship Between Yahweh and Us, and with Each Other ~ A Relationship of Friendship.

In Sin We Are Estranged From Yahweh (Genesis 3:8‑10, See Notes On Romans 5:12), But in Christ We Have Peace with Yahweh.  The Fruit of Peace with Yahweh is Peace with Others (Galatians 5:22).  Too Often We Desire to Be the Recipients of Joy and Peace.  We Wait For it to Come to Us Through Other People and Circumstances.  However, Yahoshua Said, “Blessed Are the Peacemakers,” (See Commentary On Matthew 5:9) Suggesting We Should Initiate Peace.  Anticipate How You Can Actively Bring Peace and Joy to a Situation, Relationship, or Task. (Sproul, R. ~ Before the Face of Yahweh )

 
 
 
 
 

 

It is Surely No Accident that Yahweh Named His Holy City, “Jerusalem.”  The Meaning of, “Jerusalem” is Somewhat Debated, Especially the First Part (“jerus-”) Which Many Feel Means ‘foundation’.  There is More Agreement On the Second Part of the Name as a Cognate of the Word, “Shalom.”  Thus Jerusalem is Variously Translated in Modern Evangelical References as, “City of Peace,” “Possession of Peace,” “Foundation of Peace,” “Founded Peaceful,” and, “City of Wholeness.”  How Wonderful that Believers Shall One Day Dwell in The, “New Jerusalem” (Revelation 3:12, 21:2)  Eternally at Peace and Oneness with Our Great Yahweh and Father Through Yahoshua, (the Messiah) Our Lord..

 
 
 
 
 

 

The Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology Has a Nice Summary of Shalom:

The Biblical Concept of, “Peace” Rests Heavily On the Hebrew Root, “Sh-l-m,” Which Means, “To Be Complete” or, “To Be Sound.”  The Verb Conveys Both a Dynamic and a Static Meaning—“To Be Complete or Whole” or, “To Live Well.”  The Noun Had Many nuances, But Can Be Grouped into Four Categories:

(1) Shalom as Wholeness of Life or Body (i.e, Health);

(2) Shalom as Right Relationship or Harmony Between Two Parties or People, Often Established by a Covenant (See, “Covenant of Peace” In Numbers 25:12–13; Isaiah 54:10; Ezekiel 34:25‑26), and, When Related to Yahweh, the Covenant Was Renewed or Maintained with a, “Peace Offering”;

(3) Shalom as Prosperity, Success, or Fulfillment (Leviticus 26:3-9); and

(4) Shalom as Victory Over One’s Enemies or Absence of War.  Shalom Was Used in Both Greetings and Farewells.  It Was Meant to Act as a Blessing On the One to Whom it Was “Spoken” ~ “May Your Life Be Filled with Health, Prosperity, and Victory.”  As an Adjective, it Expressed Completeness and Safety. in the New Testament, the Greek Word Eirene Is The Word Most Often Translated by the Word, “Peace.”  Although there is Some Overlap in their Meanings, the Hebrew Word Shalom is Broader in its Usage, and, In Fact, Has Greatly Influenced the New Testaments Use of Eirene.

 

 
 
 
 
 

 

Nathan Stone in His Work Names of God Has Some Great Insights On Peace or Shalom:

This Word is One of the Most Significant in the Old Testament, its Various Shades of Meaning Harmonizing with the Doctrine of the Atonement as the Basis of Peace with Yahweh. It is Translated Sometimes as, “Whole,” as in Deuteronomy 27:6 ~ “Thou Shall Build the Altar of Yahweh Thy Yahweh of Whole [“uncut” in NASB] Stones.  As ”Finished” the Same Word is Used In Daniel 5:26: Yahweh Has Numbered Thy Kingdom, and Finished it [“Put an End” NASB].  So, Solomon ”Finished” the Temple (1 Kings 9:25).  As, “Full” it is Used In Genesis 15:16 ~ the Iniquity of the Amorites is Not Yet , “Full,” [“Complete” as Stated in the NASB]

 
 
 
 
 

 

It is Used in the Sense of Making Good a Loss and is Translated as ”Make Good” In Exodus 21:34; 22:5,6, and in Other Similar Passages in the Laws of Israel Relating to Losses Inflicted by Carelessness.  Thus Also it is Translated as Restitution or Repay.  In the Physical and Material Sense of Wholeness or Completeness it is Translated as ”Welfare” and ”Well.”  In Genesis 43:27, Joseph Inquires Concerning the Welfare of His Brothers, and Using the Same Word Again in the Same Verse Asks if their Father is Well.

So Joab In 2 Samuel 20:9, Before Dealing the Treacherous and Fatal Blow, Asks Amasa, Art Thou in Health [NASB ”Well“] My Brother?  It is Quite Frequently Used as, “Render” And, “Pay” or, “Perform” in the Sense of Fulfilling or Completing Obligations.  This is Particularly True of Vows Rendered to Yahweh, “Pay Thy Vows Unto the Most High,” Says the Psalmist (Psalm 50:14 Psalms 50:14).

“When Thou Shall Vow a Vow Unto Yahweh Thy Yahweh, Thou Shall Not Be Slack to Pay it; For Yahweh Thy Yahweh Will Surely Require it of Thee; and it Would Be Sin in Thee” (Deuteronomy 23:21). On the Contrary, “The Wicked Borroweth and Payeth Not Again” (Psalm 37:21).  It is Translated, “requite” And, “recompense” in a Few Instances.  As the One Who Deals Justly and Makes Right, Yahweh Says In Deuteronomy 32:35, “To Me Belongeth Vengeance, and Recompense [shillem].”  (Stone, Nathan: Names of Yahweh. Moody)

 
 
 
 
 

 

About Twenty Times Shalom is Translated “Perfect.” “Give Unto Solomon My Son a Perfect Heart,” David Asks of Yahweh, (1 Chronicles 29:19).  And Solomon Echoes this in His Own Exhortation to the People When the House of Yahweh Was Perfected (Shalem) ~ Let Your Heart Therefore Be Perfect [Shalem] [NASB ”Wholly Devoted“] with Yahweh Our Yahweh, (1 Kings 8:61 <); That Is, Let it Be in Wholeness or in Harmony with Yahweh.

And This is the Basic Idea Underlying ALL the Various Translations of this One Hebrew Word-a Harmony of Relationship or a Reconciliation Based Upon the Completion of a Transaction, the Payment of a Debt, the Giving of Satisfaction.  Therefore this Word is Most Often and Most Appropriately Translated, “Peace” Some 170 Times.  It Expressed the Deepest Desire and Need of the human Heart.

 
 
 
 
 

 

It Represented the Greatest Measure of Contentment and Satisfaction in Life.  Of King Solomon it Was Said that in His Reign Judah and Israel I Dwelt Safely (That Is, in Confidence and Peace), Every Man Under His Vine and Under His Fig Tree (1 Kings 4:25).  It Was to Be Characteristic of the Reign of Messiah, the Righteous Branch of David, of Whom Solomon Was typical, that Judah and Israel Should Dwell Safely in Peace, (Jeremiah 23:6,17, cf v17).

One of the Great Titles of Messiah Was to Be ”Prince of Peace” (Isaiah 9:6), and Jeru­salem, Messiah’s City, Means City of Peace or Possession of Peace.  Peace Was the Most Common Form of Greeting as it is to this Day in Bible and Even Other Lands.

 
 
 
 
 

 

Finally, it is Also, Obviously, the Word Used In, “Peace Offering.”  The Peace Offering Was One of the Blood Sacrifices of Which the Shed Blood Was the Atonement On Which Reconciliation and Peace Were Based (Leviticus 3:1-17; 7:11-21).  In the Peace Offering this Restoration of Fellowship Between Yahweh and Man, Broken by Sin, But Now atoned For by the Shed Blood, Was Indicated by the Fact that Both Yahweh and Man, Priest and People, Partook of the Offering.  The Various Shades of Meaning Contained in this Word ALL Indicate that Every Blessing, Temporal and Spiritual, is Included in Restoring Man to that Peace with Yahweh Which Was Lost by the Fall.

 
 

 
 

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